Procurement and Contractual Arrangements for Post-Disaster Reconstruction
University of Auckland, PhD thesis 2011.
Disaster reconstruction management requires a different response to ordinary construction. One of the key factors to consider is the development of an appropriate and efficient procurement framework for rebuilding following a disaster event. The major aim of this research is to review, analyze and recommend procurement and contractual arrangements for disaster reconstruction. Two major research methods are used to achieve the research objective, namely, literature review and case studies. The theoretical framework of various procurement paths, which comprises procurement systems, contractual models and standard contracts, is firstly identified and analyzed for construction projects under normal time. The characteristics and suitability of each procurement path are summarized at the end of the first part of the literature review. The theme of disaster reconstruction is introduced subsequently including different disaster reconstruction theories, relevant guidelines and regulations, contractual models for reconstruction in New Zealand and overseas. The suitability of procurement systems to post-disaster reconstruction situations is then examined in theory and it is found that the integrated and management-orientated procurement systems are more suitable to be used for reconstruction. Five case studies on reconstruction processes after natural disasters are carried out with particular focus on their procurement and contractual arrangements, time, cost, quality considerations, and relevant guidelines and regulations. These studies include the reconstruction after two recent New Zealand floods in 2004 and 2005, Indonesian Banda Aceh reconstruction after 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, 1998 Yangtze River Floods and 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake reconstructions in China. The case studies confirm the suitability of the desirable procurement paths for reconstruction identified in the literature review. Conclusions on the overall research results and consequent recommendations are made at the end of the thesis for practical application of the procurement paths identified in this research for reconstruction.