Interpreting resourcing bottlenecks of post-Wenchuan earthquake reconstruction in China

Interpreting resourcing bottlenecks of post-Wenchuan earthquake reconstruction in China

Yan Chang, Suzanne Wilkinson, Regan Potangaroa, Erica Seville

International Journal of Strategic Property Management 14: 314-331, 2010

Abstract

Post-disaster reconstruction is likely to suffer resource shortages and supply disruptions.  The devastating Wenchuan earthquake on 12 May 2008 in China served as a typical
example. After the catastrophe, resource problems such as price escalation and market inflation posed a significant challenge to Chinese policy makers and reconstruction team. Based on field
surveys, the study attempts to examine the Wenchuan earthquake reconstruction practice and identify the most vulnerable resources along with their resourcing impediments inherent in
the reconstruction process. The research findings show that at the early stage of reconstruction, labour and materials such as brick, cement, steel and aggregate were the most needed
yet vulnerable resources. Procurement of these resources was mainly hindered by (1) reconstruction schedule and speed, (2) the impacts of the 2008 global financial crisis, (3) inadequate
local transportation capacity, (4) dysfunction of the construction market, and (5) insufficient engagement of local construction industry. While the interventions and measures Chinese government
adopted after the earthquake seem to be able to deal with resourcing bottlenecks in a short time; different efforts to reduce the impacts of these five areas are needed with a view
to expediting longer-term disaster recovery and reconstruction.

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